Industries and entrepreneurs often look for technology to solve technical problems or to start a new business. これは、技術は価格と何も付属していますと言われているいくつかの状況で真かかわらfree.This文です, is not applicable in all circumstances. This article will discuss the manner of obtaining valuable technology without the payment of any technology fees, ライセンスや使用料.
問題を理解するために, それは、特許制度がどのように機能するかを知る必要があります. Firstly a patent is granted for a product, 構図, 装置や機器, プロセスofmanufacture, あるいは使用, 主題は、新規である場合, not obvious to a person skilled in the field of technology and is industrially applicable. The Patent office which receives and examines the patent applications ensures that the applications meet with these criteria. In addition the patent laws of most countries require that the inventor disclose “the best mode of the invention” such that a person skilled in the art would be able to reproduce the invention, just by practising the teachings disclosed in the patent document together with common general knowledge in that field of technology, 任意の更なる研究を行うことなく、. これ以上何尋ねたことができます? An organic chemist reading a patent on an organic chemical compound should be able to produce the chemical compound disclosed and claimed in chemical patent using his common general knowledge (すべての化学者に知られているよう) さらに研究を行うことなく、.
言うのも同様メーカー, injection moulding machines should be able to reproduce any improvements to injection moulding machines disclosed and claimed in a patent relating to the latter machine without further research (although minor experimenting or workshop trials may be required).
第二に, 特許の寿命は限られています. The patents of most countries last for a maximum of 20 特許出願の日から年. However most patents are not maintained for that period of time – the granted patents are allowed to lapse for non-payment of annuity fees. 特許の有効期限が切れていたら、, そこにtechnologydisclosed全世界に無料でご利用いただけます. No consent or license is required to commercially exploit the technology disclosed.
[他の自給権がある可能性があります, このような工業意匠権など, 著作権, クリアする必要があるetc.which].
第3に, most patent offices now publish the patent application in full eighteen months after filing even though a patent has not been granted. Many of the published patent applications are not prosecuted to grant. The technology disclosed in the published patent application is donated to mankind, if no patent is granted on the patent application……