Eddy Sun is an owner of a Singapore patent for a lightbulb which simulates the morning sun by emitting controlled UV radiation to provide purported health benefits for people who are averse to going outdoors. The patent discloses two ways to achieve this; firstly, using mercury vapour and secondly, through use of wavelength filters. The claims of his patent, granted in 2011, only cover the mercury vapour embodiment. He also has a corresponding European patent granted in the following year which claims cover both embodiments.
Genetic diseases and disorders which are caused by faulty genes in cells are debilitating and worsen the quality of life of a patient. But what if you could return the faulty genes to normalcy as easily as fixing your profile picture with Photoshop? Or even create a designer baby with desired features? A gene-editing tool known as clustered regularly-interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) opened up the possibility of achieving such tasks that seemed to be improbable in the past.
When we talk about obtaining intellectual property rights on a new product or a process, we usually direct those rights to patents. Patent rights is a type of intellectual property rights in which the owner of an invention is awarded with a monopolistic ownership of the product or a process for a given period of time, after which the invention goes into public domain. It is also known that patents are a way to encourage invention by providing exclusive ownership and exploitation rights of a creation.